The World Wars’ aftermath together with the following formation and dissolution of the USSR left behind a number of consequences that persist today.
When talking about the Baltic States, the first issue arising is their relationship with Russia. Problems that presented themselves before and during the independence of this group of countries still persist mainly because of their turbulent past and consequent bilateral resentment.
As a result of the communist domination, inner issues of social, cultural, political and economic nature in the Baltic States have continued for many years and keep arising. Dealing with these situations in a period of social development for the rest of Europe has been far from easy. No proper social welfare is provided; with the lack of labour market after the end of communism, it has been quite hard to introduce European welfare models into the Baltic States. As with most post-communist economies, housing is another serious problem to take into account.
It is also important to mention that the area faces cases of social disruptions and high nationalism. Such problems came up as minority groups of other Eastern-European nationalities have not managed to properly integrate since the end of the USSR. An already divided society would not be willing to deal with immigrants the same way other countries do, which brings the next issue.
For the reasons listed above, a serious dilemma started with the refugee crisis in Europe. In spite of the fact that the Baltic States had accepted to host a certain amount of refugees under their own conditions, the European Union has been trying to increase the amount of refugees per country.
Even if other countries which were more open to offer asylum also faced similar problems and claims from their nationals, the Baltic States policies towards asylum are the more restrictive in Europe for many of the reasons listed above.